Skip to Main Content

Citation Help: APA Style

Citation Guide and resources


What is APA style?
APA style is a form of citation created and developed by the American Psychological Association. Its goal is to create precision and cohesion in academic research and communication.

Who should use APA style?
Although APA was developed by the American Psychological Association, students, professors, and professionals within many different disciplines use APA style. Check with your professor before you use APA in a research paper to make sure it is appropriate for your class and assignment.

APA Citation Examples

APA Style Citation Guide

(Used with permission from Chattanooga State Community College)


Author(s) Date

Title of book/database

Title of Article Title of Periodical
Volume/Issue Pages Place of Publication Publisher Other Information

Book (APA Handbook, 202-203)

Niffenegger, A. (2003). The time traveler's wife. Orlando: Harcourt.


Edited Book (APA Handbook, 202)

Hoy, C. (Ed.). (1992). Hamlet: An authoritative text, intellectual backgrounds,

   extracts from the sources, essays in criticism. New York:

   W. W. Norton & Company.


Book article or chapter (APA Handbook, 204)

Ellison, R. (2004). Richard Wright's blues. In H. L. Gates and N. Y. McKay (Eds.),

   Norton anthology of african american literature. (1538-48). New York:

   W. W. Norton & Company.


Journal article from a database (no DOI number available) (APA Handbook, 199)

Waldie, J. (2010). Healthcare assistant role development: a literature review.

   Journal of Advanced Perioperative Care, 4(2), 61-72.

   Retrieved from


Journal article from a database (DOI number available) (APA Handbook, 198)

Poorterman, J. H. G., Dikkes, B. T., & Brand, H. S. (2010).

   Dental hygiene students' parttime jobs in dental practices in the Netherlands.

   International Journal of Dental Hygiene. 8(2), 143-146.

   doi: 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2009.00415.x 


Online magazine article (APA Handbook, 200)

Clay, R. (2008). Science vs. ideology: Psychologists

   fight back about the misuse of research. Monitor on Psychology, 39(6).

   Retrieved from


Online book (APA Handbook, 203)

Jan, B., & Fernandex, A. (2004). Opportunities in film careers [NetLibrary version]. 

   Retrieved from www.


Website (APA Handbook, 187-92)

AMA teams with press ganey to help physicians get valid patient feedback (2010). 

   American Medical Association. Retrieved from

Maplewood, New Jersey. (2010). Google maps. Retrieved from,+new+jersey&oe=utf-8&client=




Library Resources

Additional APA Resources

Online Writing Lab

Need More Examples?

The library has a copy of the latest APA manual on reserve (for library use only).

APA Style Video

You Quote It, You Note It!

A tutorial by Vaughan Memorial Library at Acadia University about citing sources and avoiding plaigirism. 

Contact me